Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, are swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the rectum and anus. They often result from increased pressure in the pelvic and rectal area, due to factors like straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation or diarrhea, pregnancy, obesity, genetics, or extended periods of sitting or standing. Hemorrhoids can be internal or external, with symptoms including rectal bleeding, pain or discomfort, itching, swelling, and mucus discharge. Treatment options range from lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications for mild cases to minimally invasive procedures or surgery for severe or persistent hemorrhoids. Consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for proper diagnosis and tailored treatment.
Main cause of piles, pushing hard to pass stools puts a strain on the veins in the anal canal which eventually dilate and enlarge to form ‘piles’. Piles are more common in women during pregnancy and childbirth and there is some evidence that piles run in families.
Hemorrhoids are categorized as internal (inside the rectum) or external (under the skin around the anus).
Treatment options range from lifestyle changes, OTC medications, sitz baths, and prescription drugs for mild cases to minimally invasive procedures like banding or sclerotherapy for moderate cases, and surgery (hemorrhoidectomy or hemorrhoidopexy) for severe or recurring hemorrhoids. Consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.